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Lesson-1: Games - Introduction
This is Project Report/Essay on Games. Games are an important part of our life. They are very important for the students. Games are not merely a source of entertainment. Outdoor games help us to keep healthy. The games teach us to work and enjoy together. For no game, can be played above. Games create in us a spirit of discipline also. While playing the games, we have to fallow the rules strictly. These rules teach us the value of cooperation, trust and dependence. These days, our country needs and players. Our record in games has been for from good so far. So in the interest of our own selves as well as for our country we should understand the value of games. Games keep us fresh and active the body holiday. Study as well as games both are important for the games maintain the body but education enrich over knowledge "Education Enlighten the mind and soul". In the same way games mention over body. These is a simple saying that a healthing mind lives in a healthy body to fallow this saying exercise and games are important for our body.
Advantage of Sports :
a) It teaches us discipline.
b) It teaches us cooperation trust and dependence.
c) It keeps our mind and body health and fresh hole day.
d) It create activities in our body.
e) It circulate the blood regularly.
Place of Sports :
a) Outside the house.
b) In the play ground.
c) Or in the open field.
d) Or in any stadium.
e) Where we get fresh air and health atmosphere.
Among the others, Nitin Mogia has every reason to hold a genuine grouse against the South Korean Officials. The Mumbai born sailor was very much in the race for the OK Dinghy open gold until he was done in by the amningness of the host officials who seemed to care little about the rules which govern the sport and were only hell-bent in ensuring a win for Mongia's South Korean rival.
In fact, the less said about the many failures that India encountered in Busan the better. In simple terms, they were most disappointing and appalling. However, the exaggerated claims that many of the federations including the 10A had made before the contingent left the Indian shores cannot be simply overlooked. Especially, as the participation of these teams in Busan has cost a huge amount to the public exchequer. It is here that we find our sports Ministry lacking in several aspects. But while it would be a futile exercise to worry about the wrongs it has already committed the Ministry could at least safe-guard the nation's interests and save the country from total embarrassment in the future if it were to swing the action new. Infect, reams of paper have already been wasted through the years providing recommendations about the need for a sound policy which is very much based on our known strengths rather than the projected gains. It is therefore high time that the Government got into the act, culled the reasons for our deficiency in Busan and looked ahead to Doha in 2006. Mere rhetoric has never won for any country a gold in either the Olympic Games or the Asian Games. It could never get one for India as well. And if we are not committed in our actions and unable to codify, in a logical manner, our immediate ambitions in those disciplines in which we stand a chance to excel in the international arena, it is very likely that India would continue to be jostled by others who in terms of population and GDP may be lagging behind us. This, in short, are better if would be for the image of our country abroad. The questions is that whether the Government and our Federations, the IOA included, would rise to the occasion.
Especially as they have failed us on countless occasions previously, and have coolly got away with it.
Lesson-3: The Sunita Rani Episode takes a twist
The doping controversy dogging Indian athlete Sunita Rani, who was stripped of her Busan Asian games 1500m. gold and 5000m bronze medals following a positive dope test, took an interesting turn with the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) Secretary, Randhir Singh, claiming that the international olympic committee (IOC) has decided to ask both the olympic council of Asia (OCA) and the international Association Athletics Federations (IAAF) not to pursue to case any further.
Addressing a press conference in Hyderabad, the IOA Secretary, who also holds the office of the OCA Secretary general, said the IOC decision was based on a recommendation from its medical commission that it had found certain procedural lapses in tests conducted at the Korean institute of medical sciences, Seoul. incidentally, the Seoul lab is one among the only five IOC - accredited dope - testing laboratories in Asia.
Randhir singh said the IOC recommendation would be discussed at the OCA executive committee which is scheduled to meet on January 3, 2003. "We shall take a final decision on the issue after the meeting discusses the whole issue threadbare." He also revealed that the opinion of the OCA medical commission would also be sought before the OCA executive committee meeting. "If Sunita is finally cleared, we shall then return the medals back to her," He said.
The IOC Medical Commission, Randhir Singh further stated, had come to it's conclusion on the procedural lapses about the tests in Seoul at a three-day meeting held in Lausanne, Scotzerland, from December 7.
Sunita, hailing from Punjab, was tested positive for the banned substance, Nandroline, in both the dope tests that she had undergone after winning the 1500m gold in a new meet record and the 500m bronze. Later, the mandatory B tests had also revealed the presence of the banned substance, beyond the permissible levels, in both her urine samples.
Subsequently, the Sushil Salwan commission appointed by the Amateur Athletics Federation of India (AAFI) had pointed out several procedural lapses having occurred in the tests conducted in the Seoul lab, which had handled all the 800-odd dope tests carried on the urine samples collected from the participants of the 14th Asian Games in Busan. This finding had also prompted the AAFI to clear the athlete of all charges and even to allow her to participate in the National Games in Hyderabad.
Though she was reported to be in Hyderabad, sunita's name, however did not figure in the start lists of either the 1500 more the 5000m. The IOC decision is indeed a reprieve to the athlete who had constantly been denying about indulging in such a malpractice. India, in the event of the restoration of the medals to Sunita, could also see it's position in the final medals tolly of the Busan games being restructured. Currently, it is placed 10th overall with 10 golds, 12 silvers and 13 bronzes.
Athletics, the most glamorous event of the meet took the back seat in case of performance. Even though many Asian records were there, not many could hope for an Olympic, or world championship medal the sertear of drugs reared it's ugly head when India gold medalist Sunita Rani tested positive twice after her 5000 and 1,500 m. races. She won the 5000 m. and finished third in 1500 mts. A Lebanese body builder had been stripped of the bronze medal after refusing to take the dope test.
Lesson-4: The Origin of Asian Games
From 1913 to 1934, 10 Far East Championships were held in Asia, but the championships stopped because of the outbreak of world war II. After the war a number of Asian Countries became independent, their economy and culture developed, and the Asian People had an increasing desire to become less isolated from each other and strengthen mutual interaction. In order to keep abreast of the times, Prof. Guru Dutt Gandhi, and later Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru proposed an Asian sports meet in 1947 at a conference on relations between Asian Countries.
In August 1948 during the 14th Olympics Games held in London, India proposed to sports leaders of the Asian teams the idea of having discussions about holding the games. They agreed to form the Asian Athletic Federation and hold the first Asian Athletic Championships in New Delhi, India in 1949. A preparatory committee was setup to draft the character for the Asian Amateur Athletic Federation. In February 1949, the Asian Amateur Athletic Federation was formally formed, and its name was changed to Asian Athletic Federation. It was decided to hold the first Asian Games in 1950 in New Delhi. It was delayed by one year, since then the Asian Games has been regularly held once every four years.
Lesson-5: First Asiad in New Delhi
The first Asian Games, originally scheduled for 1950 was postponed until March 1951 because of delayed preparations. Four hundred and eighty nine athletes from Afghanistan, Burma, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand completed in Athletics, aquatics, basketball, cycling, football and weightlifting in the eight day games from 4th March, 1951 to 12th March 1951. Korea was unable to participate because of Korean war. The first gold medal list was N.C.Kok of Singapore, who won the 1500 metre freestyle swimming. Winning all four free style swimming events, he won four gold medals. Japan was placed first with 24 gold medals, 20 silver medals and 14 bronze medals, followed by India which garnered 15 gold, 18 silver and 19 bronze medals. Japan had been barred from the London Olympics for initiating the pacific war and was not invited to the founding meeting of AGF, but was allowed to participate in the first Asian Games.
Busan Asian Games :
From Afghanistan to North Korea, it was a full house for the first time in the 52 year history of the Asian Games, at Busan. All 43 members of the Olympic council of Asia and newly independent East Timor completed in the Sept. 29 to Oct. 14 games as China dominated the overall medal race with a whopping 150 gold medals and South Korea second with 96 gold medals to beat arch rival Japan into a distant third with 44 golds. It was a happy gathering as 39 countries and regions made it into the medals table and 27 into the gold tally. In the last games, 33 won medals and 23 get gold Roia Zamani, a Kabul resident brought joy to war-weary Afghanistan by winning a bronze medal in the 72 kg. category of women tackwondo. Inspired by blood written message on her wrist from friends, Itam Pong-Gil won the women's marathon to cap North Korea's first ever presence in a sport event held in South Korea. Athletes in Busan also broke or matched world records in two other sports-weight lifting and shooting. In the case of weight lifting it may be more accurate to say the games rewrote history as records tumbled in Busan, as stunned officials watched one lifter after another step on stage and hoist weights never before seen. World records were set or tied in eight of weight lifting 15 divisions. Women lifters failed to enter the record book in only one class.
The torch of unification "Flome of Asia" uniting the flames sent from each of the 44 participating countries was carried into the stadium by south Korean world cup football captain Hong Myung Bo, after it's Journey over the Korean Peninsula. As a symbal of unification, Ha Hyung-Joo (a South Korean Othlete) and Kye San-Hut (a North Korean athlete) lit the flame.
Medals Tally (top ten)
The 16 days games brought together nearly 7,000 athletes from 44 countries to complete for Gold medals in 38 disciplines with the new additions of Modern Pentathlon and Body Building. While there were 419 events, the Gold Medal total reached 427 because of ties for Gold in some Gymnastics as well as one in swimming.
World records were broken or tied in eight of weightlifting's 15 divisions. Besides, 21 other world records, 43 Asian records and 242 Games records were also broken.
The 14th Asiad redefined the supremacy of China in the region with 150 Golds and a Medal tally of 308. Second and third positions were held by South Korea (96 Golds, total 260) and Japan (44 Golds, total 189) respectively.
Qatar, which will host the 15th Asian Games in 2006 in Doha, will also be the first in Gulf region to do so.
India's wonderful performance - By winning 35 medals (including 10 Golds, 12 Silver and 13 Bronze). India was placed eighth in the Medals Tally. In Athletics, women's performance was spectacular. They won five Gold medals out of the total ten India bagged. Neelam Jaswant Singh won the Gold Medal in Discus with a new Asian Record. In Kabaddi, India asserted their supremacy by winning the Gold for the consecutive fourth time. In Hockey, reviving shades of a glorious style India won silver losing to hosts South Korea (3-4) in the final. K.M.Beenamol, who won two gold medals 1880 m. and 4x400 women's Relay, besides a silver (400m.), bagged the Samsung "Most valuable performance by an Indian". Award for her spectacular performance. However, India's otherwise wonderful performance in the games was marred by woman athlete Sunita Rani being stripped off two medals - Gold and Bronze - by OCA on being tested positive for a banned drug.
14th Asian Games
Indian Gold Medallists
1. Saraswati Saha - Women's 200 metre (Athletics)
2. K.M.Beenamol - Women's 800 metre (Athletics)
3. Neelam Jaswant Singh - Women's Discus with New Asian Record - 64.55 metre (Athletics).
4. Anju B.George - Women's Long Jump (Athletics).
5. Bahadur Singh - Men's Shot Put (Athletics).
6. K.M.Beenamol, Soma Biswas, Jincy Philip, Manjit Kaur - 4x400 Women's Relay (Athletics).
7. Shiv Kapur (Individual Event) - Golf.
8. Kabaddi - Men's (Games, fourth successive Gold).
9. Yasin Merchant, Rafat Habib - Men's Doubles (Snooker).
10. Leander Pases/Mahesh Bhupathi (Tennis - Men's Doubles).
Lesson-7 : II Part in 14th Asian Games
14th Asian Games, Busan, ended on October 14, 2002 ; The Games symbolizing prosperity and unification for a new millennium across Asia, saw over 600 athletes from all the 44 countries battle for galory. The games will be remembered for the first time participation of a North Korean contingent on South Korean soil. The showing in Busan was as impressive as that in Manchester. At the same time, the honours for the Busan performance must go to the country's women athletes, who bagged 5 gold out of the 10 golds won by India. Tennis, Kabbadi, Gold and Snooker were among the other sports in which the country fared well, but there were disappointments as well. The Indian hockey team could not defend its gold and lost to South Korea in the final, the women's hockey team returned empty handed and lost every match they played. But the greatest disappointment was the failure of long distance runner Sunita Rani to pass the dope test. The unfortunate doping incident took a great deal of the shine away from the medal-winning accomplishments of the Indian contingent. The athelete, who won a gold in the 1500 metres and set a new Games record, tested positive for Nandrolone and was stripped of her medals, there by relegating India from seventh to the eight place in the medal tally.
Facts at a glance :
• In Busan Asiad, five countries were not able to win medal. They were Maldiv, Oman, cambodia, Bhutan and East Timur.
• Busan asiad main statement was "New thought, new asia".
• In Busan, March past of the Indian Team, was led by veteran striker Dhanraj Pillai.
• Busan Asiaks opening ceremory theme was a beautiful meeting. Which was based on ancient empires proverb.
• Roeya Jamani (Woman) won bronze medal for Afghanistan in Korean Marshal are Tai Kwanz.
• Afghanistan took part in the Busan Asian games after a long gap because. Taliban Administration had banned it.
• In Busan Asiad, Laos sent the smallest team of 13.
• Japan's kosuke katajima bagged the best player award.
• In Busan Asian games, Samsung chosen K.M. Beenamol for his outstanding performance when she won two gold and one silver medal.
• Football gold medal was won by Iran.
• Hockey gold medal was won by S.Korea defeating India.
• Kamaljee Sandhu won first the gold medal for India in Women Athletics.
• 15th Asian games will be held in Doha in 2006.
Lesson-8 : Asean India Summit
Asiad : 1951-2002
India's performance in Asiad
Lesson-9 : Possibility of Asian Community
The Asian countries have grouped themselves with the three major economics of Asia - Japan, China and South Korea - in the form of Aseant + 3. Although it is too early to say if Asian would converge into an Asian Community, yet a possibility cannot be entirely ruled out. If that happens then the East Asia would be one of the major economic blocks in the world. India, having an open market, can find important complementaries with the economics of the community. India's proposal of FTA with Asian over a period, of ten years then appears a step in the right direction.
In it's vision 2020 and the Hanoi action plan, the Asian has outlined a road map for socio-economic development of he region in the near future. The focus of this vision has been the CLMV or Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam countries. India's decision to offer a $ 10 million credit to Cambodia and the three agreements signed with this country in the area of trade, technical education and maintenance of the 1000 year-old tan pram temple highlights a positive contribution in addition. India has also offered tariff concessions to the less develop countries of Asian, namely Myanmar, Laos Vietnam and Cambodia.
India is also helping Malaysia in the railways sector, and Kuala Lumpur is involved in India's highways projects in a matching fashion. India's expertise in high-tech areas, including space-technology application has also been lauded by the Asian.
With the economic crisis of 1997-98 well behind it, the Asian is looking up, even if the region is yet to match it's dynamism of the 1980s and 1990s-China has obtained Asean's agreement on a free trade area. It's traditional rival in the region, Japan, has also agreed to move towards a free trade pact with Asian (though Japan would be late then China). Then would come India's turn.
A free-trade area between India and Asian seems years away. But the summit has provided on invaluable opportunity for the day to edge closer.
Lesson-10 : Big Contingent, But Meager Returns
Let us take the shooters for instance. Having done, the bulk of the Indian medal shopping in Manchester, much in-deed was expected from the likes of Jasplan Rana, Anjali Vedpathak Bhagwat, Abhinav Bindra and others. But though they had a sound excuse that they were never given the required ammunition to practice and that the standard of competition in Busan was much higher than what they had faced in Manchester, it was still a pity to be a witness to the disappointing show put up by our leading shooters. But for Anjali, who lost out a possible bronze by the narrowest of margins, none of the others could make even a dent before India finished with a tally of just two silvers - one each from it's women's iom air rifle team and the men's trap team.
And then, hockey, a sport in which we were defending the title. Here again, it was lack of consistency and a nervous approach which put laid to the Indian - hopes which had soured sky high after the team had brought off such a superb all-round show against Pakistan in the semi-finals. In the final against the host south Korea, the Indians could draw level only after being in arrears for most of the time. But having found their way back into the encounter and well with in sight of a second successive gold, the team frittered away it's chances with in unimaginative display. Especially, when the south Koreans, cheered by a huge throng, tended to push down on the accelerator.